|Antibodies found inside Alpacas, Llamas may help prevent the second wave of coronavirus |
Researchers from all over the world are struggling every day to find a cure for the novel coronavirus. A recent report suggests that researchers might have found the answer to the novel coronavirus in the tiny antibodies known as nanobodies, found inside the Alpacas and Llamas (animals from the camel family).
According to scientists from Sweden and South Africa, the nanobodies (way smaller in size than antibodies in humans) in these animals that have been immunized against the virus and can be used to stop the spread of the virus.
This can help prevent the second wave of the coronavirus and thus help the countries lift the lockdown safely.
How nanobodies/antibodies work on the SARS CoV-2
The nanobodies or antibodies attack the spike in coronavirus and thus affect its ability to infect the host.
Earlier, the reports of Tyson, a 12-year-old Alpaca in Germany, which helped the researchers in finding the cure for COVID 19, was grabbing headlines.
A group of researchers from the Karolinska Institute isolated nanobodies from Tyson’s blood after immunizing it. These nanobodies were found to bind to the same part of the virus to which human antibodies do.
The researchers are hoping that this can serve as the basis for finding the vaccine for the novel coronavirus, though the work right now is in its early stages. “We know that it is the antibodies that are directed to the same very, very precise part of the virus that is important and that is what we have engineered with this antibody from Tyson,” Gerald McInerney, head of the team at Karolinska said. Alpacas and other members of the camel family produce nanobodies, which are way smaller in size as compared to the antibodies produce by the humans.